Africa is a very large and diverse continent, probably the most diverse continent on this Earth; it also has the biggest river on Earth the Nile river. The Nile river was a very important part of the early civilizations in Africa.
The Main Ancient African Civilizations
Egypt was the strongest and most well known of the ancient civilizations in Africa; Egypt was mostly ruled by Pharaohs. Even though Egypt is in a dessert it still was an agricultural nation, thanks to the Nile river.
The ancient civilization of Persia invaded and conquered Egypt, but over time the Egyptians regained their freedom. Egypt was again conquered in 31 BC by the Romans; Egypt was under the control of Rome until Rome collapsed in 476 AD. When Rome was on its decline Egypt adopted a new religion, Islam.
Nubia was located south of Egypt and was on the Nile river; Nubia was known for its trading with Arabia and the Mediterranean civilizations, Nubia also began iron working.
Nubia was mostly independent from Egypt after the rise of the Roman empire; Nubia declined in power though in 400 AD.
Ethiopia first began as a civilization in 500 BC, as the civilization of Axum; the civilization was built up in a way so it could trade along the Red Sea coast. Ethiopia originally was a very Arab country, but then the civilization eventually incorporated elements of Egyptian and Greek culture.
During the first century the country was very strong and wealthy, they were also ruled by a strong and stable line of kings.
Africa After 500 AD to 1750
After 500 AD, Africa slowly developed more tribal nations, but it still mostly remained as a decentralized continent.
European countries began colonizing the African coast, to harvest the rich African resources and promote the slave trade.
This is my essay on the history of Africa.