The Seven Years war, from 1756-1763, was a conflict that affected many countries including North America. In this essay I will be summarizing the history of the Seven Years War.
The Battle Jumonville Glen
The Battle of Jumonville Glen( fought on May 28th,1754, in Pennsylvania ), was one of the many skirmishes that set off the Seven Years War. This battle began when George Washington(this was his very first battle), was assigned to protect a fort that was under construction, that the English were building, from hostile French Canadian and Native forces in the area.
A small part of the French or Canadian army, had chased off the construction crew, that were building the fort, the leader of the French forces sent a message warning the English, that the construction was on French territory. But, Washington never received this message
Washington on the other hand set up an ambush against the French army. The English ambushed the French, under the leadership of Washington. The battle lasted only about fifteen minutes; ten French soldiers were killed and twenty one were captured. Even though the battle was short, the damage was still done to France and England’s relationship.
The Start of the War
Even though the Battle of Jumonville Glen, began the Seven Years War, the actual war was not declared until two years after the skirmish. In 1756, England and France declared war against each other, officially starting the Seven Years War. This war affected not only Europe and North America, but also Central America, India, West Africa, and even the Philippines.
England and France both had allies from different countries. England’s allies were Prussia and Hanover, and France’s allies were Austria, Sweden, Spain, Russia, and the very small country of Saxony.
The War In North America
General Braddock of the English arrived in North America in May, 1755, and set out for the Ohio country, to defeat the French. Braddock wanted to conquer the French fort of Duquesne, which was located on the river bank of the Monongahela River. The pace of Braddock’s army was slow through the woods, and Braddock grew impatient, so he sent out one thousand three-hundred men, ahead of the rest of the army.
The French did not have time to ambush the English because of this, but they still would not give up the fort without a good fight. The British on the other hand, were completely disorganized(to the point that they were shooting at each other), and inexperienced, when it came to fighting in a forest. Braddock was badly wounded during the battle, and died a few days later. About eight hundred and seventy eight English soldiers were killed or wounded from this battle.
The English attacked the French a few more times but still remained unsuccessful. France remained dominant for three more years. England finally began getting more successful in 1759, which led them to capturing all of France’s colonies in North America in 1760, which ended further battles and conflict in North America.
The War in Europe and the Rest of the World
Even though the War ended in 1760 in North America, the War continued in the rest of the world for three more years. War outside of North America, was in Europe and in the other European colonies around the world.
The End and Outcome
The War officially ended in 1763 with the Treaty of Paris. The countries of Europe had to give up the captured European territory they gained during the war, back to the countries that those territories originally belonged to, so nothing was really gained when it came to European territory. But the territory outside of Europe was a gain, France gave up “New France” or Quebec Canada and parts of the now United States of America to England, and now the current state of Louisiana to Spain. England gained much North American territory, thanks to the war.
The Seven Years War affected much of the world, and changed the ownership of “New France” or Quebec. This is my essay on the Seven Years War.