What was the Significance of St. Augustine in Christian History?

St. Augustine(354-430), was born to a Christian mother. His mother could not convince him to become Christian, which caused her much emotional pain. St. Augustine was part of many religions or philosophical beliefs, including Manichaeism and Platonism, he was also even a skeptic at one point. It was only until he heard St. Ambrose of Milian gave an oration that he decided to become Christian. A lot of his life he had many questions that no one seemed to be able to answer, but when he spoke to St. Ambrose, he finally received the answers he was waiting to hear for so long; which became the start of St. Augustine’s religious growth as a Christian. So what was the significance of St. Augustine in Christian History?

St. Augustine was and is a great influence to the Catholic church. He was also very knowledgeable. One of his most famous teachings was the concept of “original sin.” He believed that when Adam first sinned, he inherited a fallen or corrupt nature, which would be passed down from generation to generation. Along this concept he taught that only our Lord Jesus Christ can save man. He also taught and believed that there are two “cities”(theological cities); one the city of man and the other the City of God. The difference between these two cities are; the city of man is about the love of self, and the City of God is about the love of God. This is rather like the difference between the City of Jerusalem and Babylon. St. Augustine believed that Rome was a pretty exact embodiment of the first “city.” 

Even though I titled the essay “the significance of St. Augustine in Christian History,” and this is rather accurate I believe that St. Augustine is truly significant to Catholics; and his teachings have highly influenced the church to what it is today. His belief and teachings on “original sin,” is still taught, known, and believed by many individuals today.

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