Neoclassicism was an artistic period during the 18th century in which art was inspired greatly by the classical art from ancient Greece and Rome. Neoclassicism was not only applied to paintings but also to sculptures, literature, etc.
A very important characteristic of Neoclassicism was its focus on balance, symmetry, and reason, which were valued things in the classical period. Another very important characteristic of Neoclassicism was its emphasis on serenity, order, and rationality. Thus these were the characteristics of neoclassicism.