What was the Great Western Schism, and How was it Resolved

During the middle ages there was a period where there were a series of popes who lived in a place known as Avignon France, instead of Rome, Italy. This is known as the Avignon Papacy. The Avignon Papacy caused some conflict when it came to who should be elected as pope. The Great Western Schism … More What was the Great Western Schism, and How was it Resolved

John Wycliffe

John Wycliffe((1320-1384), was an important religious figure during the 14th century. He was one of the earliest figures who preached the views associated with predestination; and was a priest and professor, at Oxford.  Wycliffe had many different opinions on things, some of his views included: someone in a state of sin loses all rights to … More John Wycliffe

Was Thoreau Dependent on the Division of Labor While He was Living on Walden Pond

Henry David Thoreau(1817-1862), was a 19th century American philosopher and writer. His best known written work was his autobiography titled, Walden. Which was about his life when he “cut,” himself off from society; living a lifestyle independent from the division of labor(this only lasted for about two years). The way that Thoreau “cuts,” himself off … More Was Thoreau Dependent on the Division of Labor While He was Living on Walden Pond

What Were the Effects on Europe from the Black Death

The Black Death first arrived in Europe in 1346, and it’s arrival was devastating. The Black death itself was a confluence of two plagues: the bubonic plague and the pneumonic plague. This killer combination killed around a third of Europe’s population; this death rate was due to the fact that Europeans did not have immunity … More What Were the Effects on Europe from the Black Death

What was the Significance of the Conflict Between Philip IV and Boniface VIII?

Throughout the medieval period, popes and kings fought against each other over who should rightly be allowed to dominate the other. Another one of these conflicts between a king and a pope was between a king named Philip IV and a pope named Boniface Vlll. The conflicts between these two individuals were rather similar to … More What was the Significance of the Conflict Between Philip IV and Boniface VIII?

How Could I Adopt Northup’s Technique of Using Contrasts

This week I finished the autobiography of Solomon Northup, which is titled 12 Years a Slave. This autobiography was mostly about Northup’s life as a slave for twelve years, after being kidnapped as a free black man. Northup before he had become a slave was a freeman in New York, and he had lived with … More How Could I Adopt Northup’s Technique of Using Contrasts

Why Does Your Heart Beats Quickly When Surprised/Startled

When someone sneaks up behind you and shouts “Boo!” For a little bit your heart beats faster, even though you didn’t do any physical activity that would of course increase your heart beat. But what caused your heart to behave this way after being startled or surprised? When I am startled my body becomes aware … More Why Does Your Heart Beats Quickly When Surprised/Startled

What Were the Reasons Behind the Conflicts Between Emperors and Popes During the Middle Ages

Throughout the middle ages there were a lot of conflicts between different individuals or groups. The middle ages after all was a rather unstable and changing time of history. Two types of people who had a lot of back and forth conflicts were the emperors and popes. These conflicts between these two types of people … More What Were the Reasons Behind the Conflicts Between Emperors and Popes During the Middle Ages

How Can We Account for Western Europe’s Sustained Economic Success

Throughout history people have noticed that Western Europe has sustained economic success, even during the middle ages. This economic success is due to more than one factor that we account for, but what can we account for the sustained economic success in the west? There were definitely quite a few reasons that account for this … More How Can We Account for Western Europe’s Sustained Economic Success