What I Did During My Summer Vacation

I had a pretty good summer, I wouldn’t really call it a vacation since I still had to do school, but my school work amount was lighter and I could skip a day if I wanted to if I was spending time with my friends.

I swam a lot in the local lakes in my area with my family and friends, it was super hot out so the cool glacier water of the lakes were a lifesaver. When I was at the lake with my friends, we would paddle board, swim, dive down into the water, or just float around like otters. Sometimes my Mom or Dad would drive my sisters and I to a different town to go swimming with our other friends.

Swimming wasn’t the only thing I did during my summer. My family and I would go hiking usually we would hike a local hiking trail or the town ski hill which was opened for hiking and mountain biking. When I went hiking I usually saw wildlife or beautiful bodies of water.

 I went mountain biking a few times with my Dad, but I didn’t really like it since the bike trails were usually in the trees and very narrow.

Going to local farmers markets was another big part of my summer, I would usually go with my friends and buy local treats or jewelry. Sometimes I even went to two farmers markets in just a day!

The last thing I did during the summer was get my ears pierced and went to the city to shop.

End of Year: English

This year of English was a pretty long journey, but it is now coming to a close. I learned so much this year of topics I never knew existed! I used to consider English boring, and I never enjoyed it till this class. Much thanks to my teacher Mr. Fish!

This year I learned about the parts of a story, many terms for plays, dramas, and poems, and much more!

My favorite thing about this class was the way the classes were laid out and how long the videos were. Instead of being super long and dragging the videos were short but got to the point quickly. I was also able to go through the course much more quickly than I thought I would be able to, which is a good thing since I was behind in English.

My least favorite part about the course was probably the section on poetry, I don’t really like poetry that much. But the section taught me to better understand poetry though, which made me appreciate poetry a little more than I did.

What I could change about the course? Nothing, the course is great the way it is, and I think that nothing should be changed about it.

The most helpful thing I learned during this year of English was the parts of a book. That section gave me a firm understanding on why fiction stories are laid out the way they are; another thing that was helpful, were the practice tests, those taught me that college level exams are not impossible to do, which has made it less daunting, since I will by taking a real college level exam very soon.

Conclusion

This is my wrap up of this year of English.

Term Paper

This year of English, I learned how to analyze literature. In this paper I will give an overview of all the important literary analysis points I learned this year.

The Parts of a Fiction Story

A fiction story has five different parts, plot, setting, character development, theme, and author’s style.

The plot of the story has five sub parts. The first, exposition which is the introduction to the story, usually the main characters and setting are introduced, the exposition usually starts at the very beginning of the story. 

The rising action builds tension towards the climax or the highest point in the story, it may introduce some subplots along the way. The rising action usually begins at the end or after the first chapter.

The climax is the highest point of the story, since the rising action builds tension the climax usually shows you how the characters respond to this tension. The climax is probably the most important part of the story and usually starts a little over halfway through the story or book.

The falling action is the release to the tension, it is the part of the book where the tension caused by the rising action and climax is released. 

The final part to the plot, the resolution is exactly what you might guess it is. It is the conclusion to the story.

Setting, character development, theme, and author’s style, are all very important parts to making a story unique and interesting.

The setting of the story tells you where the story is taking place, how the place looks, and what events have happened in this location. 

Character development is how information of the characters is revealed by the author as the story goes on, or the way the author presents the characters in the story. Characters in a story can also be categorized as either primary, which is the character or characters that the story revolves around, they are the character or characters who play the most important roles in the story; or secondary. Secondary characters are not super important to the story like the primary ones, they usually have interaction with the main characters, but they don’t usually impact the outcome of the story; they are the supporting cast.

The theme of the story is the point that is trying to be made or the moral to be learned. The theme is not the same one for every person, so expect people to disagree with you when it comes to the theme of a story.

The author’s style, is the personal style of the author. It is the way the author presents he/she’s story. Every author has their own style, no matter how similar two authors styles are.

Literature Forms

There are five major forms of literature, novel, short story, novella, drama, and poetry.

A novel is a long prose (prose is a written or spoken language, in its ordinary form without metrical structure),narrative that usually describes characters and events in a sequential way. 

A short story, is very similar to a novel since it also written in prose. Short stories use the plot, resonance, and other dynamic components, but in a lesser degree than a novel.

A novella has fewer conflicts than a novel, but more complex ones then a short story.

Poetry is much different than the first three literature forms. A poem uses rhythm in addition to prosaic language. Poems read much differently than novels, and you have to read them in a different style to understand a poem properly; poems can also be very long or very short in length.

Drama is a special type of literature that is presented in the form of the performance arts. This can include plays, ballets, or other types of theater works. This type of literature is written as a story and then interpreted by actors. Drama has its own symbol. The symbol is two masks, one mask stands for comedy the other tragedy.

Genre

A genre is a term for any category of literature or other forms of art or entertainment, based on some set of style criteria.

Non-fiction and fiction is the largest distinction in literature when it comes to genres. Non-fiction literature mostly consists of histories of individuals or of some particular historic event. The two most common sub categories in non-fiction literature are biographies and autobiographies.

Biographies are books that are written by historians or researchers about some famous person in history.

Autobiographies are like a memoir or journal of the person who is the subject of the book.

Fiction literature has many sub genres much more than non-fiction does. Here are some of these sub genres.

Historical fiction is any piece of fiction literature written about an actual time in history, and the story contains varying degrees of history.

Science Fiction, is a story based on the impact of actual, imagined, or potential science. These stories are usually set in the future or on a completely different planet.

Fantasy stories are stories that have a strange or other world setting or characters. Usually the setting of a fantasy novel is in a completely different world.

World Views

A world view is what someone believes about the world they live in. World views also shape the way a person makes decisions and choices in everyday life; everyone has a worldview of some type. Most books or novels give an insight on what the author’s worldview is. An example of this is in the book, Little Men by Louisa May Allcot, while reading this book it is very easy to identify what the author’s worldview or views are, which are Transcendentalism(is the belief that everyone has some good in them) and Theism(which is the belief that God created the world and that God is real), since the characters in the story act in a way that shows these two beliefs. Another example of a book that is very easy to identify the author’s worldview is in the book Lion of the North by G.A Henty, like Little Men the characters in this book act in a way that shows the author’s beliefs which are Theism and Rationalism(which is a belief that actions should be based on reason and knowledge instead of religious belief or emotional response). 

Terms For Poetry And Plays

There are many terms for poetry and plays, here are the most important.

 The first person tells the story as if the author is retelling some personal adventure. You can identify the first person by looking for “I” or “my” in the writing. 

The second person, is the person that is used by a speaker(first person), in referring to one to whom he or she is speaking, in English “you” is a second person pronoun.

The third person, is used by the speaker(first person), referring to anything or anyone other than the speaker or the one or ones being addressed.

Types of voice. In grammar a voice describes the relationship between the subject of the sentence and the action in the sentence; there are two main types of voice. Active voice, which is used to describe a sentence where the subject of the sentence is the cause of the action; and passive voice, which describes a sentence where the subject is the subject of the action in the sentence.

The assignment of human characteristics or behaviour to anything that is not a human is known as personification. Personification is most seen in novels with animal main characters, as well in many poems; subjects of personification can be, animals, forces of nature, and inanimate objects.

Soliloquy, means talking to yourself. Soliloquy is used in theater and literature to let the audience know what the characters are thinking. People usually don’t dialogue their conversations in their head but in theater it is not uncommon.

Symbol, is a device for literature that contains many layers of meaning, that is often concealed at first sight.  It is also representative of several concepts or traits than those that are visible. The symbol is the part of a story that has a concealed meaning, basically.

Author’s use words and phrases to create a “mental image” for the reader; this is helpful for the reader to visualize more vividly while reading, this is known as imagery.

There are many important terms when it comes to theatrical plays, these terms are; Script, which is the text of the play, the script is what you read when reading a play, cast, which are the actors of the play, the introduction of the play is just like a normal novel. It is the intro to the play,

act is a marker for smaller section in a play, this generally is a change of location or characters; and finally the exit, which is the cue to the actors to leave the stage.

Almost all poetry uses a concept known as poetic foot. A foot in poetry, is a group of syllables consisting of a metrical unit. English poetry and poems consist of stressed and unstressed syllables, unlike ancient poetry which uses long and short syllables. Meter in poetry is the number of rhythm of a piece of poetry, this is determined by the number of feet in a line. The beat in poetry is the main accent or rhythmic unit to music or poetry.

There are many types of poetic feet, here are a few. Iamb(pronounced I-amb), a poetic foot that consists of one unstressed syllable which is then followed by one stressed syllable.  Dactyl, a poetic foot in poetry that has one stressed syllable and is followed by two unstressed. And finally Trochee, this foot has one stressed followed by an unstressed syllable.

Poetry also has different types of poetic meters; some of these are, Trimeter, a line of verse that consists of three metrical feet, Pentameter, a line of verse that consists of five metrical feet, and Octameter, a line of verse that consists of eight metrical feet.

Rhythm is very important for poetry since it gives the poem a flow or songlike quality. Rhythm is a measured flow of words, and phrases in a verse or prose. This is determined by stressed and unstressed syllables. A verse without rhythm is known as a blank verse. There are many types of rhythm, each type uses different patterns of stressed and unstressed syllables. 

Conclusion

These are the most important things I have learned in this year of English.



Guilt

I stared at the rain and wondered why did I get into this situation? Why had I been so stupid and not listened to my gut like any decent human? Why did I accept the invitation to this party? And why did I allow my friend to drive me back home when he was clearly not sober? This is all my fault. I buried my face in my hands as I heard the roaring sound of the ambulance, police, and fire trucks. I didn’t lift my head as paramedics picked me up and put me on a stretcher and even when they carried the stretcher into the ambulance. Then everything went black.

I woke up after a very long time, everything ached but the only thing that mattered was if my friend Andrew was okay or even alive. He hadn’t put on a seatbelt even when I had told him to do so, so many times.

 My head hurt after thinking about this for a while and I got tired and went back to sleep but was soon awakened by nightmares; I screamed. A nurse hurriedly entered my room and shot a sleeping medicine into my arm, I quickly drowsed off. My days were like this for a week or so I actually really didn’t count them; but after the first week my family visited me, they were all crying, including my Dad and it just made me feel so disgusted with myself, if I had only been smart this would have not happened. The doctors and nurses soon led them out saying that I was getting overwhelmed; but thankfully they let my older sister Andrea stay she actually had not been crying to obviously.

“Hi, Andrea.” I said meekly; she probably would give me a rant of how foolish I was but surprisingly she didn’t, instead she hugged me, and didn’t say anything; after this went on for about five minutes she let go of me and sat down on my bed.

“Shila, I was so scared. Thank goodness you only broke your leg and had to get ten stitches on your arm.” she said.

“Andrea have you ever felt horrible guilt before?” I asked her.

“No never, actually maybe when I broke Grandma’s heirloom but I got over it the next day. Is that how you are feeling, this entire time after the accident?”

“Yes, this entire miserable week and a half. All I care about is knowing that Andrew is alive or dead.” 

“That’s not healthy at all, Shila. To feel so guilty, it’s not. It’s not really your fault entirely. You went to a party and there was alcohol, and you knew there was going to be but you still went that was a mistake, you got a ride from someone that you knew was not fully sober. But it’s also

Andrew’s fault he actually drank you didn’t, he was the driver, and he didn’t wear a seatbelt. So you both are to blame.”

I knew she was right, she was almost always right, and I did really want to believe her but their was a side of me that still believed that it was my fault.

“Andrea is it normal for someone to feel really guilty after a bad situation?”

“Yes, it is very normal for someone to feel very guilty after a difficult, tragic, or scary situation.”

Then a nurse entered the room, she told my sister to leave since I had to rest or something. This nurse seemed different than the others, the other nurses asked a lot of questions, but this one was pretty quiet and she was also much younger and looked like she was just out of Nursing School. 

She quietly closed the blinds and then stopped and turned around and looked at me.

“Hi, I’m Anise I will be your nurse for your last two days here at the hospital.” she said cheerily.

“Hi Anise, my name is Shila.” I said.

She didn’t seem to hear me but kept talking.

“I have some good news to tell you, you should have been told this days ago but finally you are being told. Andrew is safe, he suffered from some injuries including a concussion but he is doing much better now; I’m not supposed to tell you this but I felt you deserved to know since I noticed that you seemed so worried.” She said.

I stared at her with surprise and then my face broke into a smile. Andrew was alive, injured but alive. Thank goodness! I felt a sense of peace, I felt relaxed for the first time in days.

“Thank you, thank you!” I said over and over again.

Anise gently patted my arm and said.

“I didn’t do it, God did.

The End


Swimming

I stand on the block.

I hear the whistle.

My head goes down,

My arms, and legs ready.

When I hear the go nothing stops me.

I glide through the water.

My head surfaces.

Then it clicks.

My arms and legs move together,

Helping me move faster, faster.

I see the wall.

I flip over.

Kick off and glide.

I take a breath.

I see the finish.

I sprint, nothing holds back.

I reach, reach.

And touch the wall.

I gasp for air, 

But smile.

My second interesting attempt of poetry.

The Odyssey Summary Summary Books 9-12

The Odyssey by Homer is an epic poem about the adventures of Ulysses, during the Trojan war and his long journey back home, which ends up taking ten years. I am summarizing books nine through twelve.

Book 9

After the Trojian war, Ulysses and his crew journey back home. They reach Cicons, but are horrified by the locals and leave. A storm hits; the storm pushes them off course and they reach the land of the cyclops, which causes the crew a great deal of trouble since a cyclop captures them. The cyclop is brutal and cruel, and is only defeated by a flaming hot pointy stick in the eye. The surviving men including Ulysses barely escape.

Book 10 

Ulysses arrives on the Island of Aeolus. The Island gives him strong winds; Ulysses opens the bag that contains the winds, and they are driven back again. They sail on to Laestrygones; unfortunately they lose eleven of their twelve ships. With the only remaining ship the crew sets to the Island of Circe. When they land on the Island the Enchantress Circe turns some of Ulysses men who ventured to look around the Island, into pigs. Ulysses is given a special herb Moly from the God Mercury that will protect him from Circe’s spells. He defeats the Enchantress and restores his crew back into humans, but this is after a year of staying on the Island. Circe influences Ulysses descent into Hell.

Book 11

Ulysses lands on the land of the Cimmerians. He has to perform strange ceremonies that call on the dead. He enters the underworld, in the underworld he meets his family members who have died and some ancient heros. After he stops exploring because he is disgusted by the whole place, especially the tormented cries of the wicked, and etc.

Book 12

Ulysses returns from his very gloomy journey of the underworld. He and his crew begin their journey again. They escape many dangerous situations during the journey. They land on the Island of Trinacria. On this Island all of his men are destroyed and killed by the Oxen of the Sun (I really have no idea what it is). Ulysses is the only survivor, he escapes this Island by swimming on a board of wood for nine whole days. He lands on the Island of Calypso, and lives there for seven years.

End of summary.

My Granny

My Granny, wise, gentle, and sweet,

Her kindness is one to remember forever,

She loves a good laugh, and a funny story,

I’m grateful she’s my granny.

Her fingers and hands are always in use, 

Never still and silent, but always on the move,

Her Laugh carries across the room,

I’m grateful she’s my granny.

The Tapestry Maker’s Sorrow

In the middle of the night, when all of Camelot was asleep, King Arthur heard a scream, at first he thought it was just his imagination, but he thought better of it. He rolled out of bed, grabbed a torch, and walked down the cold stone halls of the castle, he did not hear screaming but he did hear some groans. The noises led him to an entranceway covered by a thick and dense tapestry. He was positive the scream was from behind this tapestry, he lifted up the tapestry, and looked about. The room was small, and lit by a single torch, the room looked like the room of the royal tapestry maker, since the room contained a large loom, and a half made tapestry. Beside the loom sat the tapestry maker Bertha. She was an elderly woman, with wispy grey hair, frail and long fingers, and a thin and gaunt figure. She sat on a stool with her face inher hands, she looked like she had a great sorrow or some trouble indeed.

“You seem to be suffering from some great sorrow or trouble, Bertha. What is thy trouble?” inquired Arthur.

Bertha rather jumped, and had a great look of surprise on her face. “Oh your highness, I didn’t know thy were here. And thee trouble, well it is. Oh dear I am being a fool. My trouble is that I have run out of materials, for this unfinished tapestry, thee greatest one of all my tapestries. For the great Wizard Merlin.”

“I see Bertha. Why don’t you go to the shepherd down yonder on the hill and get some materials from him?” asked Arthur.

“Oh thy see, the material I need is no ordinary material, I was given the threads from Merlin himself and who knows the threads were probably spun from the sea itself, they are made of magic. But thy see he had not given thy enough of thee material, and thy has run out.” she said urgently.

“Then why don’t thee ask Merlin for more material? I believe he will be generous.” asked Arthur, he was getting rather desperate with ideas to help her.

“Oh, your highness. Thy cannot ask Merlin, he shall be spell me with something horrible if I don’t finish it, because Camelot depends upon this tapestry. These were his exact words!” exclaimed Bertha.

“Bertha, I have an idea. I will ask Merlin myself for the materials.” said Arthur, deciding that this was the best idea.

Bertha thanked Arthur nearly a thousand times, her gratitude was immense. After all of this Arthur left the room and returned to his bed, and went to sleep. The next morning. Arthur woke up and remembered his rather unusual night with the elderly woman, and wondered if it was all a dream. He got ready for the day and decided to see if he had been dreaming or not, so he looked for the room with the tapestry covering the entrance, but he could not find it. This was becoming quite strange; Arthur even inquired if there was a Tapestry maker, but everyone replied with a shake of their head. This was getting too confusing for Arthur so he decided to consult Merlin.

Merlin was one of the greatest wizards of all time, so he must know what was going on, so Arthur hurriedly went to Merlin’s cottage. Merlin was home, and gladly listened to Arthur’s story of the strange old lady named Bertha, and the tapestry. 

“Arthur, that is a strange vision indeed. But I believe it is a perfectly harmless one, since Camelot did have a tapestry maker named Bertha, about one hundred years ago, thy must have had a vision from the past, since Bertha did have a problem of the sort, poor thing, but she did actually complete the tapestry. It’s quite magnificent, I will show you.” concluded Merlin.

Merlin led Arthur to a large chest, he opened it and took out a stunning tapestry, which had images of the life of Merlin and the history of Camelot.

“ It took her a very long time to finish it, a great toil, but she did it. And no Arthur it is not made out of thread from the sea.” Said Merlin with a smile, he put back the tapestry back into its chest.

The End


Macbeth

Macbeth is a play by Shakespear, it is a very tragic and gloomy tale of a man named Macbeth who hears a prophecy that he will become King of Scotland after the King at the moment dies. But he becomes impatient and even murders the King. After he is haunted by his guilt.

The beginning of the play, three witches discover a prophecy that Macbeth will become king of Scotland, they tell Macbeth after he returned from battle, this makes him think very highly for himself. He becomes impatient since the King of Scotland at the time is very much alive and still ruling. 

Macbeth’s impatient wins out and he murders the King while he is sleeping, he then blames the perfectly innocent jail guards who had nothing to do with it, the people believe him since he had used a jail guards knife, this is a very bad and wrong decision, first of all it’s terrible to murder someone, but it is even worst to blame someone else when you commited a crime such as murder .

He is then crowned King and holds a large banquet in his honour, he kills many people you he thinks is a threat to his throne including his friends! Quite evil.

The feast does not end so joyfully for Macbeth, one of his friend’s ghost appears, since Macbeth is the only person that can see the ghost, everyone’s reaction was very surprised when Macbeth seemed ill, the party ended early.

The longer Macbeth rules the more evil and wrong decisions he makes, this threatens the welfare of Scotland, because of this he sees the witches again, they cast a spell that tell Macbeth of his fall.

After this, Macbeth is defeated by a good man named Macduff, Macbeth is even killed which frees Scotland from his horrible reign.

This clearly shows that being evil never pays off, and that you will lose eventually if you do bad things, power can blind people, and that not everyone should become King.


Taming of the Shrew

The Taming of the Shrew by William Shakespear, is the tale of a man with two daughters, Katherine and Bianca. The story is about a father trying to get a husband for his oldest hot tempered and not so kind daughter Katherine who has scared off many suitors, she is the shrew of the story. This is troublesome for the younger, sweet and kind daughter Bianca, since she has to wait to be married until her older sister is married, because the oldest daughter must marry first .

The story is very funny, containing many comedic details, and funny moments, especially when Katherine is dealing with a man named Petruchio, who has been set up to marry Katherine, this forces him to try to “tame” Katherine by psychologically torturing her in her own ways.

Because of this they fight a lot, and it’s pretty entertaining.

Here are some quotes from the first fight between Katherine and Petruchio when they first meet.

PETRUCHIO. Good morrow, Kate- for that’s your name, I hear.

KATHERINE. Well have you heard, but something hard of hearing: They call me Katherine that do talk of me.

PETRUCHIO. You lie, in faith, for you are call’d plain Kate, And bonny Kate, and sometimes Kate the curst; But, Kate, the prettiest Kate in Christendom, Kate of Kate Hall, my super-dainty Kate, For dainties are all Kates, and therefore, Kate, Take this of me, Kate of my consolation- Hearing thy mildness prais’d in every town, Thy virtues spoke of, and thy beauty sounded, Yet not so deeply as to thee belongs, Myself am mov’d to woo thee for my wife.

KATHERINE. Mov’d! in good time! Let him that mov’d you hither Remove you hence. I knew you at the first You were a moveable.

PETRUCHIO. Why, what’s a moveable?

KATHERINE. A join’d-stool.

PETRUCHIO. Thou hast hit it. Come, sit on me. 

KATHERINE. Asses are made to bear, and so are you. 

PETRUCHIO. Women are made to bear, and so are you.

 KATHERINE. No such jade as you, if me you mean.

 PETRUCHIO. Alas, good Kate, I will not burden thee!

This fight goes on for awhile, she strikes him physically a few times, and it’s pretty funny and stupid.

During the time while Katherine is being ‘tamed’ her little sister Bianca gets married to a man that has been her suitor for a long time, without her father’s permission, which causes a little scandal, but everything turns out to be fine in the end, for Katherine the shrew’ is now tamed.