Evaluate this Claim: “The New Deal was a Wise Series of Government Actions that Healed the Problems Afflicting the Economy”

The New Deal was a series of US government actions during the turbulent time of the Great Depression, under the Presidency of F.D.R. A common claim that people make in regards to the New Deal is this: “The New Deal was a wise series of government actions that healed the problems afflicting the economy.” Is this claim really accurate?

An example of the government actions during the New Deal was the National Industrial Recovery Act, which was designed to provide stability to businesses but to prevent competition. To authorize fair wages and prices. This ultimately was not beneficial whatsoever to the small business and instead benefited large businesses, which had multiple locations in various areas. Because the only way that small businesses could compete with large businesses is through low prices, the small businesses suffered because they could not compete with low prices. Another example of a New Deal government action was the Agricultural Adjustment Act. This was carried out by destroying already grown crops to raise prices; also the government limited the number of acres. The outcome of this was the unemployment of two million share or tenant farmers, and not enough food being produced to feed the country.

The New Deal was not a series of wise government actions that healed the problems afflicting the economy, which is clearly seen in some of the examples listed above. The moral of the story is that government intervention is usually not clean-cut and most likely causes more harm than good.

Why Did Karl Marx Think Socialism Was Superior to Capitalism?

Karl Marx(1818-1883), was an Economic philosopher, who mainly studied the political ideology, which Marx himself referred to as either communism or socialism(who used those terms interchangeably). Though the ideas of communism have been around for longer than Marx, he was the one who further influenced the concept of this ideology to what we think of it as today. A common theme with Marx was that he believed that socialism was superior to capitalism; why did he think this?

One reason why Marx believed that socialism or communism was superior to capitalism was that capitalism in his opinion does not use everyone to their full use. In other words, people who are unemployed, he saw as a waste of human potential. Everyone in a communistic economy would be working which means no waste. Another reason why Marx believed this was because he believed that factory business owners’ exploited their employees because they would pay their employees just enough for them to survive. In communism nobody would own anything that would be “solved.” Something that is also to be noted is that Marx believed that communism would make people less selfish. This to conclude is some of the reasons why Marx believed that communism or socialism was superior to capitalism. 

How was the Standard of Living Affected by the Industrial Revolution?

In Western history during the majority of the 19th century the West experienced a historical phenomena known as the Industrial Revolution. The Industrial Revolution brought a surge of change and development in western society, with more technological advancements than ever before. Because the Industrial Revolution was such an important and changing period in history the standard of living was affected. How was the standard of living affected by the industrial revolution?

The standard of living during the industrial revolution was affected greatly in the positive direction. The industrial revolution brought forth more opportunities for workers. Instead of having to work as a farmer or a tradesman of some form now lower class workers were able to choose different options for jobs. Income rates increased greatly during the Industrial Revolution especially for the lower class which of course affected the standard of living for the good. Thus, in short the standard of living in the west was affected very much in the positive direction by the industrial revolution.

How Were Adoption and Inheritance Related in Paul’s Thought?

Paul was a very influential follower of Christ whose story is still read and told today. Paul before he became a follower of Christ was actually a murderer who made a living off of killing Christians. His story is a very important example that no matter what you have done, if you accept God into your heart you will be forgiven of your sin or the wrongs you have done in the past. Two important words that Paul addressed were the words: Adoption and Inheritance. How were the terms of Adoption and Inheritance related in Paul’s thought?

Adoption in this context refers to letting Jesus enter your heart, or in other words your heart is “adopted.” This phenomena can happen no matter what you have done in the past, at any time. Paul’s story is a very great example of this; even though he did horrible and very wrong things in the past God was still willing to “adopt,” his heart. Inheritance on the other hand refers to after your heart is “adopted,” by Christ, you will receive or inherit his promise, which is that your soul will live on after your physical death in Heaven. Adoption and Inheritance more or less in this context work together. 

In Paul’s thought, how were adoption and inheritance related? Above I noted that adoption and inheritance in this context work together: adoption after all is when you accept Jesus into your heart, and inheritance is the promise that your soul will live on after your physical death in Heaven, after you have accepted Him into your heart. I believe that adoption and inheritance are very accurate terms to describe Paul’s story. His story was about how no matter what wrong things you have done in your past you can still be saved. 

To conclude, adoption and inheritance are closely related in Paul’s thought. Afterall adoption is when you accept Jesus into your heart, and your heart is adopted by Him, and inheritance is the promise that your soul will live on after your physical death.

What are Some of the Major Arguments Advanced by the Public School of Economics?

The main view of the public school of economics is: individuals are self interested: they remain self interested when they enter government. This is very unlike the more “romantic,” or “idealistic,” view being that people in government are committed to public good, or are “public servants.” With the main view of the public school of economics in mind, what are some of the major arguments advanced by the public school of economics? 

One of the major arguments advanced by the public school of economics is that in the free market, one can receive a benefit or face the consequences in an exchange. This is unlike politics because officials do not face any form of feedback or consequence in the form of voting. Another important argument is on the topic of voting. When a person votes for a politician they do not vote for that politician because they agree with him/her fully. Most likely that person disagrees with many of the beliefs or points that the politician believes; which means that the only reason why that person is voting for this person in the first place is because the politician shares a similar belief in a large or important issue, that the voter feels strongly about. 

To conclude, these are some of the major arguments advanced by the public school of economics.

What Kind of Success did Africa Have With Governments that Wielded Great Powers Over the Different African Economies?

After World War II countries in Africa began to slip away from Western control and began governing themselves. The outcome of this was a mixed result, due to the fact that some of those countries ended up with very restrictive and controlling governments. What kind of success did Africa have the governments that wielded great powers over the different African economics?

Africa did not have great success whatsoever with governments that wielded great economic power. The individual African countries that adopted this form of government suffered greatly, with severe economic lows, low production rate, corrupt leaders, etc. This form of government actually made the countries who adopted it poorer and less successful overall. Thus in short, this was the kind of success Africa had with governments that wielded great powers over the different African economies. 

What Happened in France During the Revolution of 1830?

During the 1830s it was a time in which Revolutions were happening across Europe. A country in Europe that fell into Revolution again was France. Unlike the first main Revolution in France this Revolution was of smaller scale, which is thus why it is often overlooked in history textbooks today. What happened in France during the Revolution of 1830?

Charles X became king in 1824, he was an Ultra(which was a French political faction). During this time politics was mostly made up of Moderates and Liberals, but instead Charles chose his own officials from his own political faction, the Ultras. This was not exactly something that pleased the majority at the time. To make the tension worse Charles dissolved the chamber of deputies(which was a lower house of the French Parliament), and decreased the number of eligible votes to a number below twenty three thousand. 

This ended in Charles being deposed, and protests in the streets. He was replaced by a man named Louis Philippe. This did not end the issues though because the Artisans were now displeased about free market economics.

Thus, this is what happened in France during the Revolution in 1830.

What were the Characteristics of Romanticism?

During the 18th century new movements in art and literature sprung up. One of those new artistic movements’ was the movement of Romanticism. What were the characteristics of Romanticism?

Romanticism is an artistic movement that had a focus on emotions, unlike Neoclassicism which had a focus on reason, logic, and balance. Romanticism was also a movement that had an emphasis on the individual, and their feelings. One can find Romanticism in paintings, music, and literature. Thus, these are the characteristics of Romanticism.

What are Some of Marx’s Criticisms of Capitalism?

Karl Marx(1818-1883), was a German political philosopher who compiled the ideas of the political ideology of communism. Marx believed very fully that communism was effective, and was bound to happen in the near future(which did in fact happen in some countries). Because Marx was a heavy believer of communism he had many criticisms toward capitalism. What are some of Marx’s criticisms of capitalism?

The first criticism of Marx that must be noted is how he believed that capitalism is based on the concept of “exploitation” of wage labor. A lot of Marx’s criticism towards capitalism was based on how a capitalistic economy apparently treated their workers. Another specific criticism is that in capitalism the producer only produces things that the consumer(buyer)wants. His argument was that in communism this would not be the case and that instead the producer could make what he wants to make, not what the people who give him business in the first place want. This would not exactly be an effective business decision whatsoever. The way that the producer is able to make money is by making what his consumer(buyer)wants, because why else would the consumer buy from him? It is clear that Marx was not exactly the most economically sound person.

Marx was very critical of capitalism, and believed quite fully that capitalism was all bad and that it did nothing good towards the working class. This was completely regardless of the truth that the majority of the things that come along with capitalism actually makes sense, and are effective economically.

What were the Primary Values of Fascism?

Facism was a political ideology that became widespread in Europe during the earlier portion of the 20th century. A few influential European powers, such as Germany, adopted it. The ideology itself is quite controversial and many can agree that it overall was a negative in history. But what is facism? What are the primary values of this political ideology?

A fascist government has a heavy emphasis on the nation, and is very nationalistic. Instead of focusing on the triumphs of the individual fascism encourages the focusing of the triumphs of the state. That the “Good of the Nation,” is more important than the rights of the individual. Fascism promotes a planned government, instead of a government that is dictated by the people. In short, these were the primary values of fascism.