What is an Indulgence

In the Catholic belief there are two types of punishment for sins: eternal and temporal. The Sacrament of Penance basically “washed” away eternal punishment, but the temporal punishment remains. The thing that “washed” away temporal punishment is something known as an indulgence. But what is an indulgence exactly? An indulgence is a way to reduce … More What is an Indulgence

How was Philip II Augustus Significant in French History

Philip II Augustus(ruled. 1180-1223), was a king in France. He ruled during a time when King’s did not have a whole lot of power, thanks to the feudal system, the Viking invasions, and also during a time when France was one of the weaker countries in Europe. But what was so significant about Philip II … More How was Philip II Augustus Significant in French History

What Benefits Would I Get From Writing an Autobiography

Throughout history countless people have written books that are like autobiographies, on their lives, legacy, etc. Some of these autobiographies are still read today for many reasons. But what if I consider writing an autobiography someday, what if I want to compress all of my life stories into one book to be read by a … More What Benefits Would I Get From Writing an Autobiography

What was Christendom

Christianity has been a very influential religion in the development of western civilization. During the middle ages the Catholic church had pretty high authority and influence, even to the point that it had authority over the nobles and monarchs. But what was the idea of Christendom, what does it mean? Christendom in short is the … More What was Christendom

The Events That Took Place During the Conflict Between Pope Gregory VII and Henry IV. What was at Stake?

During the 11th century, the church was troubled by problems and corruption. Monarchs and nobles were appointing the Church officials. The pope at the time Pope Gregory VII, was highly against all of this. In 1075 Gregory held a council that concluded in deposing any church official who was appointed by monarchs or nobles, also … More The Events That Took Place During the Conflict Between Pope Gregory VII and Henry IV. What was at Stake?

What Were the Problems Besetting the Church in the 10th and 11th Centuries? What was “Moderate Reform”?

During the 10th/11th centuries there was a fair bit of corruption in the church. This corruption brought about numerous problems for the church itself; but what were these problems that were affecting the church? Around this time because of all the corruption reforms were made to put the church back into correct order. One of … More What Were the Problems Besetting the Church in the 10th and 11th Centuries? What was “Moderate Reform”?

What Can I Do to Make My Autobiography Less Disjointed Than Twain’s

Mark Twain(1835-1910), is probably one of the most famous and beloved authors in American history. He has written many famous works including the famous Tom Sawyer, which are still read today. Twain is famous for his unique humor, which is seen in many of his novels. Twain later in life even wrote an autobiography, which … More What Can I Do to Make My Autobiography Less Disjointed Than Twain’s

What Changes Did William the Conqueror Introduce in England

William the Conqueror(ruled 1066-1087), was a king in England. Before he was king he was the Duke of Normandy, but when Alfred the Great the king of England at the time died without leaving an heir this all changed. Of course a situation like this leads to fighting for the throne, which exactly did happen … More What Changes Did William the Conqueror Introduce in England