Protestant Reformation Summary

The Catholic church controlled europe for many years until the 16th century, when some men discovered the false teachings of the Catholic church, and decided not to let it go on but instead to stand up and fight against it, and make a change.

The Beginning

Some people before the actual reformation started noticed the false teachings of the Catholic church but never really took action. This went on for some time until 1517, when a man named Martin Luthur published the ninety-five theses of the issues of the church, on a church door in Wittenberg, Germany. This was the jump start of this movement.

The Reformation Spread

Many people were very interested and moved by Luthur’s teachings, and began following his belief, soon the reformation had spread all over Germany, the reformation kept growing bigger and spread to different countries all over Europe, these countries included France, England, Italy, Poland, and etc.

The Beliefs

The reformers beliefs were put together into five latin phrases.

  1. Sola Scriptura- ‘Scripture Alone’
  2. Sola Fide- ‘Faith Alone’
  3. Sola Gratia- ‘Grace Alone’
  4. Sola Christus -’Through Christ Alone’
  5. Sola Deo gloria-’To God Alone Be The Glory’

The Reaction From the Catholics

The Catholics of course were not very pleased with this movement, so they tried to hire people to get rid of the reformers. This did not work since the reformers were strong in their belief, and did not give up.

The End

The end of the reformation in 1648 after a peace treaty.


Andrew Carnegie

Andrew Carnegie was the steel barron of his time. This is my essay on him.

Early Life and Background

Andrew was born in Scotland in November, 25th, 1835. He was born into a very poor weaving family. He lived in Scotland till 1848, when hard times hit Scotland, and starvation was a risk, he and his family immigrated to Pennsylvania.

Life in America wasn’t easy either, Andrew worked for twelve hours a day, six days a week, at a cotton mill for only twenty cents a day. He worked really hard. This benefited him greatly.

He then got a job at fifteen as a telegraph messenger boy, this job paid a little better. While working he would memorize all the locations of the businesses and the faces of the important business men. He became very good at his job and only in a year he got promoted as a telegraph operator and he was very good at this job too.

At eighteen he worked at the Pennsylvania Railroad company, and went through the ranks very quickly, thanks to his great work ethic. He got a good mentor who taught him business, and helped him make business investments. His investments paid off and he began investing in oil then in steel and iron after 1864.

His Nature of Business 

Andrew’s main business was steel, in 1889 he owned the biggest steel company in the world at the time. He sold this company though in 1901. He began dedicating his life to philanthropist work, which included libraries, scientific research, and the Carnegie Mellon University, Carnegie Hall. By the time of his death he had donated around five billion dollars in today’s dollars.

Why He Succeeded

The reason why he succeeded (in my opinion), is his work ethic, motivation to work hard, and problem solving ability. He never gave up and worked hard until the very end.

Tom Sawyer

Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain, has many bright and entertaining characters which share different personalities. This essay I will be comparing and contrasting the characters Tom, Huck Finn, and Aunt Polly.

Tom

The main character of this book, is a funny twelve year old boy who is very curious, mischievous, dramatic,  and superstitious; he is also very manipulative, and even gets his friends to do his chores for him. He gets into trouble throughout the book but the book would not be entertaining if he didn’t. Even with all of his faults he can be a rather sweet and nice boy, who is still learning and figuring out life.

Huck Finn

Huck is one of Tom’s good friends, he is the son of the town drunkard. Because of his background he is a very wild, rough, and fun boy to be around even though most of the parents in the town have forbidden their children to spend time with him. Huck doesn’t seem to care of his not “so good reputation” with the parents since a lot of the children want to spend time with him thanks to his reputation of being “not a great kid”. He likes getting into a fight or two.

Aunt Polly

Aunt Polly is Tom’s Aunt. She is a compassionate woman, who threatens to beat Tom whenever he gets into trouble but usually can’t bring herself to do it, when she does though she really regrets it after doing it.

Conclusion

Aunt Polly is much different from Tom and Huck, because she is not a young boy, who likes fighting, pretending to be a pirate, and treasure hunting all of these Tom and Huck both love doing.

But she does share one thing in common she is pretty superstitious and jumps to conclusions pretty quickly, but other then that she is much different a character then Tom and Huck who both have a lot in common.

How Does Harry Browne’s Approach to Selling Rely on the Principle of Service?

The Secret of Selling Anything by Harry Browne, is a book on how to sell things which is of course very obvious. But the way Browne approaches a sale makes the book unique. His ideas of selling is based on a principle known as The Principle of Service.

What is the Principle of Service? 

The Principle Service of course is a way to sell people, but instead of putting the product first, you instead put the customer first, this enables you to find what the customer exactly needs or wants and sell it to them. Most salesmen are way to pushy, they always try to sell things that the customer does not need or want, instead you should listen to the customer and help them find what they need.

Example

An example of someone that uses this principle, is my boss (I work at a Health store); she does not push the customer to buy some new fancy product instead she asks them what they need, say if the customer has a cough, first she will let them talk about their symptoms and how they are feeling etc, then she will guide them through some products that can ease the sickness, to find the perfect product, she doesn’t push them. These customers most of the time come back to her store and may even become regular customers there.

Conclusion

If a salesman uses this principle when they are selling they have a higher chance of selling and gaining more customers who will come back to this business to buy something again. This is Harry Browne’s principle to selling; put the customers first.

Something I Did This Week

This week was a pretty busy, one since I went to a potluck Party for swimming on Wednesday, which was fun.

There was a lot of school for me that day, so it was a bit rushed to get ready for the party, but it was doable.

The drive to the party felt long thanks to the excitement. The party was very fun, I hung out with my friends and teammates, there were speeches from my coaches , and most of all, it was nice to see my team together and having a good time.

That was the most exciting thing I did this week, the other things I did was go to work, which is always good and I enjoy working, shopping for ski gear with my family, going to swim practice which was hard but fun, and celebrating Thanksgiving with my family.

My week overall was pretty good and normal except for the party and Thanksgiving.

My Little Sister

I am the oldest of five kids, I will be talking about my oldest sister Nancy Isabelle.

She was born on June, 7th 2007, four months before my second birthday. The first year after her birth I didn’t like being an older sister, I probably was jealous because I wasn’t getting all the attention anymore, but after a little bit I warmed up to her. Soon enough we became best friends and started doing almost everything together.

Nancy is very mature for her age, she is a good and encouraging leader when it comes to dealing with kids who are younger than her, this makes her a very good communicator with younger kids. Example say if she was talking to a three year old that has just started talking, she has no trouble understanding them, even if their speech ability is very hard to understand.

Because of her maturity I have no problem talking to her like she is the same age as me, and she is a good listener. 

We tell each other almost everything, and try not to keep secrets from each other, even when it’s hard.

Nancy is an inch taller than me; she has straight, long dark brown hair which she always puts up into a ponytail or braid. She has a lot of freckles, even more than me, and has a dimple by her mouth when she smiles. People often mix us up, and think we are twins which annoys both of us.

 She is a great athlete, and loves sports, especially skiing and swimming.

We have a lot in common, we both love chocolate, sour gummies, nail polish, and crop tops, but we have a lot not in common, she like very long hair and I don’t, I like butterfly but she likes breaststroke, and I love pink but she likes purple, so we have are differences in taste.

One of our favorite things to do together is swimming, we swim four times a week together with are team, we both support each other when we have a swim goal, and we even race each other.

My little sister Nancy is an amazing person in my life I don’t know what I would do without her.

My Schedule

Oct, 7-13

Monday

Wake up at 7:30 am.

Start notebook school, 7:15 am.

Start Computer work 8 am.

Take break 9 am to 10:45 and have breakfast/ get changed/do chores.

11 computers work again.

12 take a break for lunch.

Finish school up, 2/3/3:45.

Drive to swim practice, 3:45.

Arrive to swim 4:15, start swimming 4:30, and end swimming 6:00.

Stay in the hot tub with friends from 6:00 to 6:15, go to change room shower and change from 6:15 to 6:30.

Leave 6:30.

Arrive home 7, finish extra school till 7:30 to eat supper with family.

Finish supper at 8, and get ready for bed.

Go to bed at 9:30.

Tuesday 

Wake up 7:45.

Do notebook work at 8, finish by 9.

9/11 have breakfast, get dressed, and do chores.

12/1 have lunch.

1 to 4:45 computer school breaks included.

Babysit little sister from 5 till 6:30 at the community center.

7 have supper with family, and finish up school from 8/9.

9 get ready for bed, sleep by 9:45.

Wednesday

Wake up at 5 am, have breakfast 5:10 at 5:25.

Leave house at 5:35 for swim practice.

Arrive by 6:05, swim at 6:15 to 7:45.

Spend time with friends, in hot tub, 7:45 to 8.

Leave pool by 8:15, arrive home at 8:45, have breakfast at 9:05 and do chores from 9:25 to 9:45.

Start school from 10 to 11.

Take a break at 11/12 and do swim notebook school.

12/1 do some more computer school.

½ have a break and do chores.

⅖ finish school.

Get ready for the party 5/5;45, drive to party 5:45.

Party 6:30 to 8.

Return home by 8:45.

Get ready for bed 9, sleep by 9:30.

Thursday 

Wake up at 7, do notebook work.

8/9 start computer work.

Have breakfast from 9 to 9:30, do chores 9:30/10:45.

School, 11/12.

Take break do chores, take a walk, do notebook school homework, and have lunch 12/2.

2:00 to 2:25 for school.

Drive to work, work at job from 3 to 5/ have something to eat after.

6/7:15 swim practice.

Leave pool by 7:30, arrive at home 8.

Have supper at 8:45, and go to bed at 9:30.

Friday

Wake up at 7, do notebook school.

Start computer school from 8/9.

9/10, have breakfast and do chores and get ready for the day.

Do school 11/12.

12/2 have lunch, have a walk, and do chores.

2 to 3:45 to school.

3:45 drive to swim practice, arrive by 4:15, swim from 4:30 to 6.

Stay in the hot tub with friends from 6 to 6:15, get ready and shower 6:15 to 6:30, leave pool 6:30.

Arrive home 7, have supper 7:30/8.

Get ready for bed 8:20/8:25, watch movie with family from 9 to 11:45.

Go to bed at 12.

Saturday

Wake up at 8 am do chores, have breakfast at 9, leave the house at 9:45

Babysit my little sister from 10/11 after her Ballet

Go to a farm stand with Mom at 11:20.

Return home by 11:45.

Free time, spend time with family, go to the ski sale with family 1 to 4.

Return home at 4:30 do Personal Finance and Business unknown time, prepare apple pie at 6 with Dad.

7:30 have supper with family.

8 get ready for bed.

9 watch a movie with family, go to bed 11.

Sunday

Wake up at 8:25.

Have breakfast at 10.

Spend time with family.

Go to work from 11-1.

Return home at 2.

Prepare for Thanksgiving, do personal finance 4:25, do business at 5:10.

Have supper at 6:45 finish at 7:45, get ready for bed at 8, watch movie at around 8:45.

Finish around 11.

Sleep at 11.


Gerhard Groote

Most of you probably have never heard of the name Gerhard Groote, but now you will know. He was an early Protestant reformer before Martin Luther.

Early Life

Groote was born in the Netherlands in 1340 to a wealthy family. When he was only ten years old the black plague swept over his small town, killing many people including his parents. After his parents’ death he inherited all of his father’s wealth.

 He was very wealthy at a very young age. These riches made him grow up into a spoiled brattish young man, he wasted his life and wealth on partying and traveling. But he was very educated since he went to the best schools.

His Conversion to Christanity

Groote changed through; during one of his travels he came across an Augustinian Monk, who was preaching the bible. He stopped and listened to the preaching and his life was changed forever. He converted to Christianity that very day. His change of character from the spoiled rich guy to a man of faith was quite remarkable.

After his Conversion

He went home, and began reading through his huge library. For months he read these books extensively, doing nothing except reading. He tried to go to church many times but was disgusted by all the misteachings, heresy, and over, all corruption of the church, so he decided to stay at home and plunge into the work of God that way.

His Schools and Preaching

Around the time of his conversion, the black plague spread through his town again, he luckily did not become ill. He noticed the many now parentless boys on the streets in his town; he wanted to help them. He brought several of these boys to his home, and gave them food, water, and a roof over their heads, while doing this he kept them busy by teaching them how to read, write, and taught them the Gospel. 

Groote bought the house next door, and turned that into a similar school but for girls, he taught them the same way he did with the boys.

His schools were known as great schools of learning. Thanks to his wealth he was able to start several more schools, like his first two, he got some of his first students to help him run the new schools, he was never short of teachers because of this. His schools were somewhat unnoticed.

This is because many other events such as the Hundred Years War were going on during this time, the schools were just know, as places of learning for orphaned children

He began preaching, and traveled, gaining a large number of followers.

Death

Another wave of the Black Plague went through his town again in 1384. Groote wasn’t so lucky this time and died from the illness.

After Death

Groot’s schools did not disappear right after his death, thanks to his mission, his schools lasted for another hundred and fifty years, thanks to his system, where the older students would teach the new group of students.

Many of his students became future reformers. Men such as Martin Luther, Thomas a Kempis, Martin Bucier, Ulrich Zwingli, John Knox,  and John Calvin all went to Groot’s schools.


Author’s World Views From the Books The Lion of the North and Little Men

Most books usually give an insight into the authors worldviews or beliefs, through their characters, and their characters actions and beliefs.

The Lion of the North, by G.A Henty is about the thirty years war, which is a war between the Catholics and Protestants. The main character in this book, Malcolm is on the side of the Protestants. This gives a small insight of the fact that G.A Henty himself was a Protestant and Christan, this means that he believes that God is real, that God has created the universe. This belief is known as Theism, so, this means that one of Henty’s world views is Theism. 

This book shows a little bit of the worldview Rationalism. The reason why I think this is because the characters in the book think reasonably and logically, and don’t use emotion to lead their actions. Rationalism is the belief that opinions and actions should be based on logic, reason, and knowledge, instead of religious or emotional belief. So I think G.A Henty is also somewhat of a Rational thinker.

In Conclusion I think that G.A Henty’s worldviews are Theism and Rationalism.

Little Men, by Lousia May Alcott, is the second book of the Little Women series, and is about Jo (who is one of the sisters in Little Women), and her husband, together they are running a special school, the children at this school are taught to be kind, accepting, and treat each other as equals, Jo and her husband believe that everyone has some good in them or that everyone is born naturally good. This belief is known as Transcendentalism. Alcott was most likely a Transcendentalism.

Another worldview that I saw in this book was Theism, the children in the story prayed each night to God and went to church, they were also taught not to lie or steal since it is a sin and wrong.

In Conclusion, I believe that Lousia May Alcott’s worldviews are Transcendentalism and Theism.